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ATTEMPTED ROBBERY WITH A DEADLY WEAPON
§ 812.13, Fla. Stat.
To prove the crime of Attempted Robbery, the State must prove the following four
elements beyond a reasonable doubt:
Defendant attempted to take money or other property from the
person or custody of Victim.
Force, violence, assault, or putting in fear was used in the course of the attempted
The property was of some value.
The attempted taking was with the intent to permanently or temporarily deprive
Victim of his right to the property or any benefit from it, appropriate the
property of Victim to his own use or to the use of any person not entitled
To prove an Attempted Robbery, the State must prove the following two elements
beyond a reasonable doubt:
Victim did some act toward committing the crime
of Robbery that went beyond just thinking or talking about it.
He would have committed the crime except someone prevented him from
committing the crime or he failed.
An "assault" is an intentional and unlawful threat, either by word or act, to do violence to
a victim, when it appears the person making the threat has the ability to carry out the threat, and
the act creates in the mind of that victim a well-founded fear that violence is about to take place.
If the circumstances were such as to ordinarily induce fear in the mind of a reasonable
person, then a victim may be found to have been in fear, and actual fear on the part of a victim
need not be shown.
"In the course of the attempted taking" means that the act occurred prior to,
contemporaneous with, or subsequent to the attempted taking of the property and that the act and
the attempted taking of the property constitute a continuous series of acts or events.
In order for a taking of property to be Robbery, it is not necessary that the person robbed
be the owner of the property. It is sufficient if the person has the custody of the property at the
time of the offense.
The attempted taking must be by the use of force or violence so as to overcome the
resistance of a person, or by putting a person in fear so that he or she does not resist. The law
does not require the force, violence, assault, or putting in fear to be exerted against the victim
from whom the property was attempted to be taken if the force, violence, assault, or putting in
fear was exerted against another in the course of the attempted taking. The law does not require
that a victim of Robbery resist to any particular extent or that a victim offer any actual physical
resistance if the circumstances are such that a victim is placed in fear of death or great bodily
harm if he or she does resist. But unless prevented by fear, there must be some resistance to make
the attempted taking one done by force or violence.
In order for an attempted taking by force, violence, or putting in fear to be Attempted
Robbery, it is not necessary that the attempted taking be from the person of a victim. It is
sufficient if the property attempted to be taken is under the custody of a victim so that it cannot be
taken without the use of force, violence, or intimidation directed against a victim.
If you find the defendant guilty of the crime of Attempted Robbery, you must further
determine beyond a reasonable doubt if "in the course of committing the attempted robbery" the
defendant carried some kind of weapon. An act is "in the course of committing the attempted
robbery" if it occurs during the attempt to commit robbery or in flight after the attempt or
If you find that the defendant carried a deadly weapon in the course of committing the
Attempted Robbery and that the deadly weapon was a deadly weapon, you should find him
guilty of Attempted Robbery with a Deadly Weapon.
A weapon is a "deadly weapon" if it is used or threatened to be used in a way likely to
produce death or great bodily harm.
"Great bodily harm" means great as distinguished from slight, trivial, minor, or moderate
harm, and as such does not include mere bruises.
If you find that the defendant carried a weapon that was not a deadly weapon in the
course of committing the Attempted Robbery, you should find him guilty of Attempted Robbery
with a Weapon.
A "weapon" is defined to mean any object that could be used to cause death or inflict
serious bodily harm.
If you find that the defendant carried no weapon in the course of committing the
Attempted Robbery, but did commit the Attempted Robbery, you should find him guilty only of